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Published Work

Rainbow over Orkney


Many of the following publications are contributions to excavation reports. They are differentiated according to artefact type thus:

 c Assemblage of coarse stone

f Assemblage of flaked lithics (including flint, quartz, baked mudstone etc.)

p pumice assemblage

Warren, G, Fraser, S, Clarke, A, Driscoll, K, Mitchell, W, Noble, G, Paterson, D, Schulting, R, Tipping, R, Verbaas, A, Wilson, C, Wickham-Jones, C 2018  ‘Little House in the Mountains? A small Mesolithic structure from the Cairngorm Mountains, Scotland’ Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports (2018),

Anderson-Whymark, H, Clarke, A, Edmonds, M, Thomas, A 2017 ‘Process, form and time: Maceheads in an Orcadian context, in R Shaffrey (ed) Written in Stone. Oxford 10-34.

Atkinson, J 2016 Ben Lawers, an archaeological landscape in time’, Scottish Archaeological Internet Report 62.

c Colin Richards, Ann Clarke, Claire Ingrem, Jacqui Mulville and Ingrid Mainland 2015 ‘Containment, closure and red deer.’ Proc Soc Antiq Scot, 145, 91-124.

f Hill, I 2016 ‘Excavations at land south of Gardyne Street, Friockheim, Angus.’ Tayside and Fife Archaeological Journal vol 21–22 2015–2016, 15–24.

c p Clarke, A 2015 ‘The coarse stone from Neolithic sites around the Bay of Firth: Stonehall, Wideford Hill, Crossiecrown, Knowes of Trotty and Braes of Smerquoy’ in C Richards and R Jones  (eds) 2015 The development of Neolithic house societies in Orkney. Oxbow. 

Clarke, A 2014 ‘Excavations at Bayanne, Yell, Shetland: The Coarse Stone and The Pumice.’ in H Moore and G Wilson Ebbing Shores. Survey and Excavation of Coastal Archaeology in Shetland 1995-2008. Historic Scotland Archaeology Report no. 8, 163-183.

c Clarke, A 2013 ‘Stone Artefacts’ in D Strachan Excavations at the Black Spout, Pitlochry. PKHT, Perth

c f p Clarke, A 2012 ‘Coarse stone, flaked stone and pumice’ in C Cotter 2012 The Western Stone Forts Project: Excavations  at Dun Aonghasa and Dun Eoghanachta  Discovery Programme Monograph: Wordwell, Dublin.

Clarke, A; Vila, A;  Estevez, J; Hardy, K 2012 ‘The Tie That Binds? An incised Mesolithic bevelled pebble from Camas Daraich, Skye’ Mesolithic Miscellany 22.1, October 2012, 3-9.

Clarke, A 2012 ‘The Stone Tools’ in N Sharples A Late Iron Age Farmstead in the Outer Hebrides. Excavations at Mound 1, Bornais, South Uist. Oxford.

f c Clarke, A 2012 A report on the assemblage of flaked baked mudstone and coarse stone tools from excavations on the Shiant Isles. Report produced 2008 and uploaded onto site 2012

f c Clarke A, 2012 ‘Lithics and coarse stone.’ in Gray, H and Suddaby, I 2012 ‘Early Neolithic pits, an Iron Age ring-ditch house and associated features at Coul Brae, Mosstodloch, Moray’Scottish Archaeological Journal. Volume 34-35, Issue 1, 46-50.

Clarke, A 2011 ‘Does size matter? Stone axes from Orkney: their style and deposition’ in RV Davis and MR Edmonds (eds) Stone Axe Studies lll CBA.

Clarke, A 2011 ‘Stone tools’ in J Harden and O Lelong Winds of Change. The living landscapes of Hirta, St Kilda. Edinburgh.

Clarke, A 2009 ‘Craft Specialisation in the Mesolithic of Northern Britain: the evidence from the coarse stone tools’, in N Finlay; S McCarten; N Milner and CR Wickham-Jones 2009 From Bann Flakes to Bushmills, Oxbow.

 c Clarke A, 2009 ‘The coarse stone tools’ in K Hardy and CR Wickham-Jones 2009 Scotland’s first Settlers. Mesolithic and later sites around the Inner Sound, Scotland: the work of the Scotland’s First Settlers Project 1998-2004. SAIR 31.

 c Clarke, A 2008 ‘Coarse Stone Report’ in PM Sharman ‘Excavation of a Bronze Age funerary site at Loth Road, Sanday, Orkney’ SAIR 25

c Clarke, A 2007  ‘Coarse stone’, in JR Hunter, J Bond and A Smith Excavations at Pool, Sanday. A multi-period settlement from Neolithic to Late Norse Times. Kirkwall.

c Clarke, A 2009 ‘The Stone Tools’, in  A Becket and G MacGregor ‘Forest grazing and seaweed foddering: early Neolithic occupation at Maybole, South Ayrshire’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 139, 105-122.

 c Clarke, A 2007  ‘The coarse stone’ in S Dockrill, J Bond and R Nicholson Tofts Ness, Sanday. An island landscape through 3000 years of prehistory. Kirkwall.

 f Clarke, A 2007 ‘The flaked lithic assemblage’  in WS Hanson Elginhaugh: A Flavian Fort and its Annexe. Britannia Monograph Series No. 23.

 c Clarke, A and Waddington, C 2007 ‘Bevelled pebbles and other stone artefacts’ in C Waddington (ed) Mesolithic Settlement in the North Sea Basin: A case study from Howick, North-East England. Oxbow Books.

Clarke, A 2006 Stone Tools and the Prehistory of the Northern Isles. Oxford (= British Archaeological Reports, British Series 406).

 c, p Clarke, A 2005a ‘The stone tool assemblage’ and ‘The pumice’, in C Richards (ed) 2005 Dwelling among the monuments: the Neolithic village of Barnhouse, Maes Howe passage grave and surrounding monuments at Stenness, Orkney. Cambridge (=McDonald Institute monograph).  323-338.

 c Clarke, A 2005b ‘The Querns’ in A Crone and E Campbell A Crannog of the 1st Millennium AD: Excavations by Jack Scott at Loch Glashan, Argyll, 1960. Edinburgh. 92-104.

c Clarke, A 2005c ‘Coarse stone Artefacts’ in A Ritchie Kilellan Farm, Ardnave, Islay: excavations of a prehistoric to early medieval site by Colin Burgess and others 1954-1976. Edinburgh. 133-41.

c Clarke, A 2005d ‘Stone Artefacts’ in N Sharples A Norse Farmstead in the Outer Hebrides: excavations at Mound 3, Bornais, S Uist. Oxford. 69, 133, 173, 194.

 Clarke, A 2005e ‘Coarse stone assemblage’ in N Card ‘Bookan Chambered Cairn, Sandwick, Orkney’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 135, 163-90 (179).

c Clarke, A 2004 ‘Coarse Stone Artefacts’ in DDA Simpson, RA Gregory and EM Murphy ‘Excavations at Kaimes Hill, Ratho, City of Edinburgh, 1964-72’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 134, 65-118 (96-104).

c Clarke, A 2003 ‘Coarse stone’ in R Strachan and A Dunwell ‘Neolithic and Bronze Age sites, Peterhead’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 133, 137-171 (156).

c Clarke, A 2000a ‘Coarse stone assemblage’, in J Downes and R Lamb 2000 Prehistoric Houses at Sumburgh in Shetland. Oxford. 87-104.

c Clarke, A 2000b ‘The coarse stone’ in BA  Crone The history of a Scottish lowland crannog: excavations at Buiston, Ayrshire 1989-90. Edinburgh (=Scottish Trust Archaeol Res Monog Ser 4).

c, p Clarke, A 1999a ‘The coarse stone tools’, in O Owen and C Lowe 1999 Kebister: the four-thousand-year-old story of one Shetland township. Edinburgh (= Soc Antiq Scot Monogr Ser 14) 151-164.

f Clarke, A 1999b ‘The Flints’ in C Haughton and D Powlesland West Heslerton: The Anglian Cemetery. Landscape Research Centre Monograph No. 1. 60-2.

c Clarke, A 1999c ‘The coarse stone’ in Dalland, M ‘Sand Fiold: the excavation of an exceptional cist in Orkney’, Proc Prehis Soc 65, 373-413.

f Clarke, A 1999d ‘Earlier Activity: Lithics’ in JC Barrett and RB Gourlay ‘An early metal assemblage from Dail na Caraidh, Inverness-shire and its context’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 129, 161-187 (168-69).

c Clarke, A 1998a ‘Stone’ in L Main 1998 ‘Excavation of a timber round-house and broch at the Fairy Knowe, Buchlyvie, Stirlingshire, 1975-8’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 128, 293-418 (377-390).

c, p Clarke, A 1998b ‘The coarse stone’, in N Sharples 1998 Scalloway: A Broch, Late Iron Age Settlement and Medieval Cemetery in Shetland. Oxford (=Oxbow Monograph 82). 93-95, 119, 139-147, 149-150, 178-80).

c, p, f Clarke, A 1998c ‘The coarse stone, flint and pumice’ in C Lowe Coastal erosion and the archaeological assessment of an eroding shoreline at St Boniface Church, Papa Westray, Orkney. Sutton publishing. 66-70.

f    Clarke, A 1998d ‘The flint knives’ in DB Taylor, JS Rideout, CJ Russell-White and T Cowie ‘Prehistoric burials from Angus: some finds old and new’, Tayside and Fife Arch J, 4, 31-66 (54-55, 58-59).

c Clarke, A 1998e‘The coarse stone’ in RPJ McCullagh, and R Tipping (eds) The Lairg Project 1988-1996: the evolution of an archaeological landscape in northern Scotland. Edinburgh (= Scottish Trust Archaeol Res Mongr, 3).

c Clarke, A 1997a ‘The coarse stone artefacts’ in ST Driscoll and PA Yeoman Excavations within Edinburgh Castle in 1988-91. Edinburgh, 122-6.

c, f Clarke, A 1997b ‘Flaked stone and other stone artefacts’ in JS Rideout ‘Excavation of Neolithic enclosures  at Cowie Road, Bannockburn, Stirling, 1984-5’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 127, 29-68 (48-51).

 Clarke, PA 1996a Observations of Social Change in Prehistoric Orkney and Shetland Based on a Study of the Types and Context of Coarse Stone Artefacts. Unpub MLitt Thesis, University of Glasgow.

c Clarke, A 1996b ‘The coarse stone artefacts’ in ‘Excavation of a promontory fort and a palisaded homestead at Lower Greenyards, Bannockburn, Stirling, 1982-5’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 126, 199-269 (241).

 c Clarke, A  1995a ‘The coarse stone’ in P Raisen and T Rees ‘Excavation of three cropmark sites at Melville Nurseries, Dalkieth’, Glasg Arch J 19, 31-50 (46).

c Clarke, A 1995b ‘The coarse stone report’ in K Branigan and P Foster 1995 Barra: Archaeological research on Ben Tangval. Sheffield, 140-43.

 c Clarke, A 1994 ‘The coarse stone’ in DA Johnston ‘Carronbridge, Dumfries and Galloway: the excavations of Bronze Age cremations, Iron Age settlements and a Roman camp’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 124, 233-291 (269).

Gallagher, DB and Clarke, A 1993 ‘Burials of possible Romano-British date from Inveresk, East Lothian’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 123, 315-8.

c Clarke, A 1992a ‘Coarse stone’ in JS Rideout, OA Owen and E Halpin Hillforts of southern Scotland. AOC monograph 1  (41, 145-146).

Clarke, A 1992b ‘Artefacts of coarse stone from Neolithic Orkney’ in Sharples, N and Sheridan, A (eds) 1992 Vessels for the Ancestors: Essays on the Neolithic of Britain and Ireland in Honour of Audrey Henshall. Edinburgh. 244-258.

c, p, f Clarke, A 1990 ‘Coarse stone tools’, ‘The pumice’ and ‘The use of bloodstone as a raw material for flaked stone tools in the West of Scotland’ in CR Wickham-Jones Rhum: Mesolithic and later sites at Kinloch. Excavations 1984-86. Edinburgh (=Soc Antiq Scot Monog Ser No. 7) 117-26, 130, 149-56.

f Clarke, A 1989a ‘Corse Law, Carnwath, Lanarkshire: a lithic scatter’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 119, 43-54.

Clarke, A 1989b ‘The Skaill knife as a butchering tool’, Lithics 10, 16-27.

f Clarke, A 1989c ‘The flaked lithics’ in R McCullagh ‘Excavations at Newton, Islay’. Glasg Arch J 15, 23-51.

f Affleck, TL; Edwards, K and Clarke, A 1988 ‘Archaeological and palynogical studies of the Mesolithic pitchstone and flint site of Auchareoch, Arran’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 118, 37-59.

Clarke, A and Wickham-Jones, CR 1988 ‘The ghost of Morton revisited: comments on Myers’, Scott Arch Review 5.1, 35-37.

Wickham-Jones, CR; Clarke PA and Barlow, A 1986 ‘A Project in Experimental Archaeology: Avasjo 1982’, Review of Scottish Culture 2, 97-104. 

c Clarke, A 1984 ‘Stone tools’, in N Sharples 1984  ‘Excavations at Pierowall Quarry, Westray, Orkney’, Proc Soc Antiq Scot 114, 75-125 (101-2) .